Determinants of School Choice: Evidence from Rural Punjab

Center for Research in Economics and Business (CREB) Lahore School of Economics
Publication Date:
Thu, 12/12/2013 - 12:34
File Size:
466.97 K

This study explores why Pakistani parents in rural Punjab choose to send their children to low-fee private schools when free public schools are available. The study is based on a 2011 survey of a representative sample of 1,024 households in rural Punjab. Although the majority of children in the sample attend government schools, even among the poorest 20 percent of households, 9 percent of children are enrolled in private schools. Five main factors emerge as important determinants of private school choice: the socioeconomic status of the household, the degree of a school’s accessibility, the cost of schooling, parents’ perceptions of school quality, as well as perceptions of the available employment opportunities in the region.

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