Dimensions and Implications of Privatization of Education in Nepal “The Case of Primary and Secondary Schools”

Dr. Govind Subedi, Madan Gopal Shrestha, Raju Maharjan and Mukti Suvedi
Publication Date:
Wed, 27/03/2013 - 12:57
File Size:
484.69 K

This study aimed to explore the magnitude and dimensions of privatization of school education in Nepal, especially focusing on disparities in attendance and parents’ perception in private schools. This study utilized both primary and secondary information. Secondary information was obtained from government reports and the Nepal Living Standards Survey 2010/11 data. Primary data were collected from a household survey, a school survey, key informant interviews and a workshop. The household and school surveys cover 12 districts with the highest concentration of private schools but and representing all development regions in the country. A total of 1,224 households and 132 schools were surveyed.

The key findings of the study are (1) the share of private schools in Nepal has been increasing over the years; (2) there is disparity in school attendance by gender, social group, economic strata and place of residence; (3) parents’ perceive that private education provides their children with quality education and hence are increasingly inclined to send children to private schools; and (4) private schools have, however, yet to comply with the equity provisions in school education required by the government. The study concludes that private schools in Nepal have evolved at a time when globalization of education has been taking place and private schools have contributed to 20 percent of enrollment in school education in Nepal. At the same time, there is indication that disparity in education prevails. In order to reduce this inequity, there is an urgent need to improve the quality of education in public schools through building effective publicprivate partnerships. Also necessary is effective monitoring in private schools to make them more accountable to students and to ensure equity in education in Nepal.

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